Swine

Role of Dietary Lipids on Fetal Tissue Fatty Acid Composition and Fetal Survival in Swine at 42 Days of Gestation

Source: A. Perez Rigau, M. D. Lindemann, E. T. Kornegay, A. F. Harper, and B. A. Watkins Eighty-six crossbred (Duroc x Yorkshire) gilts were used in two trials to assess the effect of supplemental dietary fats during early gestation on fetal survival, fetal development, and fatty acid (FA) composition in gilt plasma and fetal head […]

Fatty Acid Composition of the Porcine Conceptus in Response to Maternal Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation

Source: A. B. Brazle, B. J. Johnson, E. C. Titgemeyer, S. K. Webel, and D. L. Davis Marine and plant sources of omega-3 fatty acids have been evaluated for their effects on reproductive and other traits. Therefore we evaluated the effects of two sources of polyunsaturated fatty acids on the composition of the pig endometrium […]

Enrichment of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Suckling Pigs by Maternal Dietary Fish Oil Supplementation

Source: Kevin L. Fritsche, Shu-Cai Huang, and Nancy A. Cassity This study was designed to determine whether substituting menhaden fish oil (FO) for lard (LA) in a practical sow diet was a suitable method for enriching newborn pigs with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA). On d 107 of gestation, 18 crossbred sows were randomly […]

Effects of Feeding Tuna Oil on the Lipid Composition of Pig Spermatozoa and in Vitrocharacteristics of Semen

Source: J. A. Rooke, C-C. Shao and B. K. Speake The aim of the present study was to characterize the effects of feeding tuna oil on the lipid and fatty acid composition of boar spermatozoa and to relate changes in composition to boar semen characteristics. Ten boars were paired by age and allocated to one […]

Effect of Protected n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (Fertilium) on Litter Size in Sows

Source: S. K. Webel, E. R. Otto, D. M. Webel, R. L. Moser, J. D. Spencer, and D. E. Orr The effect of diet supplementation with a protected n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid source (FertiliumTM, United Feeds, Inc. Sheridan, IN) on subsequent reproductive performance in sows (York x Landrace) was evaluated. At a commercial swine farm […]

Effect of Presence of Fish Meal in Unmedicated Diets on Early-Weaned Pigs

Source: Animal Production In two experiments, with pigs from 3 or 5 weeks of age, high nutrient dense diets (HND) or conventional diet (CONV) were given with or without fish meal up to slaughter. Diets were unmedicated. There was no mortality in experiment 1, but the mortality was high in experiment 2, particularly amongst those […]

Effect of Nutrient Density, Presence of Fish Meal and Method of Feeding of Unmedicated Diets on Early-Weaned Pigs

Source: I. H. Pike, M. K. Curran, M. Edge and Anne Harvey In two experiments, the first with 96 pigs from 5 weeks of age and the second with 384 pigs from 3 weeks of age, high nutrient dense diets (HND) or conventional diet (CONV) were given with (50 g/kg feed) or without fish meal, […]

Changes in Sperm Quality and Lipid Composition During Cryopreservation of Boar Semen

Source: A. Maldjian, F. Pizzic, T. Gliozzic, S. Cerolinib, P. Pennya, and R. Noble Egg yolks are commonly used in diluents in order to improve the freezability of semen. Two aspects of the role of lipids in boar semen freezability are reported in this article. The first one concerns the eventual exchanges of lipid components […]

The Influence of Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (Omega-3 PUFA) on Lactobacilli Adhesion to the Intestinal Mucosa and on Immunity in Gnotobiotic Piglets

Source: A Bomba, R Nemcova, S Gancarcikova, R Herich, J Pistl, V Revajova, Z Jonecova, A Bugarsky, M Levkut, R Kastel, M Baran, G Lazar, M Hluchy, S Marsalkova, and J Posivak The effect of application of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 PUFA) on intestinal colonization by Lactobacillus paracasei and on cellular immunity has been […]

The Effect of Dietary Oil Containing (n-3) Fatty Acids on the Fatty Acid, Physicochemical, and Organoleptic Characteristics of Pig Meat and Fat

Source: C. O. Leskanich, K. R. Matthews, C. C. Warkup, R. C. Noble, and M. Hazzledine An investigation was made to alter the fatty acid composition of pork and a pork product in line with human dietary advice while not adversely affecting factors controlling consumer acceptability. Pigs (n = 150) were assigned to three dietary […]

Special Select Menhaden Fish Meal and Spray Dried Blood Cells in Diets for Weanling Pigs

Source: Q. Zhang, T. L. Veum, and D. Bollinger An experiment was conducted to evaluate the partial replacement of spray dried animal plasma (SDAP) with special select menhaden fish meal (SMFM) and spray dried animal blood cells (SDBC) in weanling pig diets. A total of 232 crossbred pigs were weaned at an average of 18 […]

Select Menhaden Fish Meal and Spray Dried Blood Cells in Phase 1 and 2 Diets for Weanling Pigs

Source: Q. Zhang, T. L. Veum, and D. Bollinger An experiment with two trials was conducted to evaluate the partial replacement of spray dried animal plasma (AP) with special select menhaden fish meal (FM) and spray dried animal blood cells (BC) in weanling pig diets. A total of 232 crossbred pigs were weaned at 3 […]

Role of Dietary Lipids on Fetal Tissue Fatty Acid Composition and Fetal Survival in Swine at 42 Days of Gestation

Source: A. Perez Rigau, M. D. Lindemann, E. T. Kornegay, A. F. Harper, and B. A. Watkins Eighty-six crossbred (Duroc x Yorkshire) gilts were used in two trials to assess the effect of supplemental dietary fats during early gestation on fetal survival, fetal development, and fatty acid (FA) composition in gilt plasma and fetal head […]

Incorporation of Dietary Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids into Pork Fatty Tissues

Source: N. Warnants, M. J. Van Oeckel, and C. V. Boucque The incorporation and elimination rate of dietary PUFA in pork fat was investigated in this study. Experiment 1 examined the incorporation of dietary PUFA into backfat (BF) and into the triglyceride (TG) and phospholipid (PL) fractions of the i.m. fat of the loin. Experiment […]

Fat Characteristics of Pigs Fed Fish Oil Containing Eicosapentaenoic and Docosahexaenoic Acids

Source: M. Irie and M. Sakimoto Sixteen pigs averaging 81.4 kg were assigned to a control diet and three test diets containing 2, 4, or 6% fish oil. Subcutaneous fat samples from the loin were obtained by biopsy at weekly intervals and analyzed for fatty acid composition. The pigs were maintained on the diets (ad […]

Enrichment of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Suckling Pigs by Maternal Dietary Fish Oil Supplementation

Source: Kevin L. Fritsche, Shu-Cai Huang, and Nancy A. Cassity This study was designed to determine whether substituting menhaden fish oil (FO) for lard (LA) in a practical sow diet was a suitable method for enriching newborn pigs with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA). On d 107 of gestation, 18 crossbred sows were randomly […]

Effects of Fish Oil Supplementation on the Performance and the Immunological, Adrenal, and Somatotropic Responses of Weaned Pigs after an Escherichia Coli Lipopolysaccharide Challenge

Source: Y. L. Liu, D. F. Li, L. M. Gong, G. F. Yi, A. M. Gaines, and J. A. Carroll Seventy-two crossbred pigs (7.58 ± 0.30 kg BW) weaned at 28 ± 3 d of age were used to investigate the effects of fish oil supplementation on pig performance and on immunological, adrenal, and somatotropic […]

Effect of Oil Containing n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFA) on the Immune Response and Growth Factors in Piglets

Source: R Kastel, V Revajova, D Magic, J Pistl, M Levkut, L Bindas, J Sajbidor, and M Horvath Oral administration of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) to piglets slightly enhances the immune response. As compared to the control, in the experimental piglets the absolute values of monocytes in the peripheral blood were significantly increased (P […]

Effect of Nutrient Density, Presence of Fish Meal and Method of Feeding of Unmedicated Diets on Early-Weaned Pigs

Source: I. H. Pike, M. K. Curran, M. Edge and Anne Harvey In two experiments, the first with 96 pigs from 5 weeks of age and the second with 384 pigs from 3 weeks of age, high nutrient dense diets (HND) or conventional diet (CONV) were given with (50 g/kg feed) or without fish meal, […]

Effect of Nursery Diet Complexity and Weaning Age on Pig Growth Performance and Health Status

Source: B.T. Richert, K.R. Cera, A.P. Schinckel, L.K. Clark, and J.J. Turek The weaning age and weight of pigs in a swine operation dictate the feeding program that is used for the nursery pigs. Traditionally, the younger pigs are weaned, the more complex and costly is the feeding program. Pigs weaned earlier can be healthier, […]

Effect of Menhaden Fish Oil Supplementation and Starter Diet Complexity on the Performance and Immune Response of Nursery Pigs

Source: A. Gaines, G. Allee, J. Carroll, J. Frank, D. Kendall, J Spencer, and G. Yiz A trial using 64 weanling pigs (TR4 x PIC C22) was conducted to determine the effects of menhaden fish oil supplementation and diet complexity on performance and immune response of nursery pigs. Pigs (17 d and 6.27±1.16 kg) were […]

Effect of Menhaden Fish Oil Supplementation and Lipopolysaccharide Exposure on Nursery Pigs II. Effects on the Immune Axis when Fed Simple or Complex Diets Containing No Spray-Dried Plasma

Source: A.M. Gaines, J.A. Carroll, G.F. Yi, G.L. Allee, and M.E. Zannelli The overall objective of this research was to determine the effects of menhaden fish oil supplementation and diet complexity on the performance and immune response of young pigs. For this study, we placed 17-day-old pigs into a segregated early wean facility and provided […]

Effect of Menhaden Fish Oil Supplementation and Lipopolysaccharide Exposure on Nursery Pigs I: Effects on the Immune Axis When Diets Containing Spray-Dried Plasma

Source: J.A. Carroll, A.M. Gaines, J.D. Spencer, G.L. Allee, H.G. Kattesh, M.P. Roberts, and M.E. Zannelli The objective of the present study was to evaluate the potential immunological benefit of adding menhaden fish oil to the diet of weaned pigs. Twenty-four crossbred male pigs were weaned at approximately 18 days of age and placed on […]

Digestion and Absorption of Fish Oil by Neonatal Piglets

Source: Shci-Hsing Chiang, James E. Pettigres, Steven D. Clarke, and Steven G. Cornelius In order to establish the digestibility and absorption of fish oil, 18 unsuckled, newborn piglets were tube-fed an amount of fish oil calculated to provide the piglets’ maintenance energy needs for 12 h. After fat administration the piglets were either intubated with […]

Dietary Nitrogen and Lipid Utilization by Growing Pigs Fed Structured Triacylglycerides Synthesized from Medium-Chain Triacylglycerides and Menhaden Oil

Source: A. J. Lepine, K. A. Garlebt, G. A. Reinhart, and L. A. Kresty A total of 24 crossbred barrows were used in a 19-d metabolism trial to determine the effect of dietary structured triacylglycerides synthesized by the random reesterification of medium-chain triacylglycerides (MCT) and menhaden oil on growth performance, nitrogen retention, and apparent digestibilities […]

Fish Oil Containing Phytosterol Esters Alters Blood Lipid Profiles and Left Ventricle Generation of Thromboxane A2 in Adult Guinea Pigs

Source: H. Stephen Ewart, Laura K. Cole, Jaroslav Kralovec, Heather Layton, Jonathan M. Curtis, Jeffrey L.C. Wright and Mary G. Murphy This study was designed to investigate the lipid-lowering ability of a novel dietary ingredient composed of phytosterols esterified to (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) [PS(n-3)]. Adult guinea pigs were fed a test diet supplemented […]

Feeding Minipigs Fish Oil for Four Weeks Lowers Postprandial Triacylglycerolemia

Source: Lone Frost Larsen, Aage Kristian Olsen, Axel Kornerup Hansen, Klaus Bukhave and Peter Marckmann We wanted to establish a minipig model for the study of postprandial lipemia and plasma lipid clearance after fish oil consumption. Seven minipigs were fed a fish oil– enriched nonpurified diet and a control diet for 4 wk in a […]

Effects of Fish Oil Supplementation on the Performance and the Immunological, Adrenal, and Somatotropic Responses of Weaned Pigs after an Escherichia Coli Lipopolysaccharide Challenge

Source: Y. L. Liu, D. F. Li, L. M. Gong, G. F. Yi, A. M. Gaines, and J. A. Carroll Seventy-two crossbred pigs (7.58 ± 0.30 kg BW) weaned at 28 ± 3 d of age were used to investigate the effects of fish oil supplementation on pig performance and on immunological, adrenal, and somatotropic […]

Effects of a High n-3 Fatty Acid Diet on Membrane Lipid Composition of Heart and Skeletal Muscle in Normal Swine and in Swine with the Genetic Mutation for Malignant Hyperthermia

Source: W. Otten, P. A. Iaizzo, and H. M. Eichinger Knowledge concerning the genetic defects underlying malignant hyperthermia (MH) has expanded rapidly in recent years. In contrast, our understanding of the accompanying physiological changes is less clear. In this regard, the aim of this study was to determine whether normal swine and swine susceptible to […]

Effect of Oil Containing n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFA) on the Immune Response and Growth Factors in Piglets

Source: Kastel R, Revajova V, Magic D, Pistl J, Levkut M, Bindas L, Sajbidor J, Horvath M Oral administration of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) to piglets slightly enhances the immune response. As compared to the control, in the experimental piglets the absolute values of monocytes in the peripheral blood were significantly increased (P < […]

Effect of Nursery Diet Complexity and Weaning Age on Pig Growth Performance and Health Status

Source: B.T. Richert, K.R. Cera, A.P. Schinckel, L.K. Clark, and J.J. Turek The weaning age and weight of pigs in a swine operation dictate the feeding program that is used for the nursery pigs. Traditionally, the younger pigs are weaned, the more complex and costly is the feeding program. Pigs weaned earlier can be healthier, […]

Effect of Menhaden Fish Oil Supplementation and Starter Diet Complexity on the Performance and Immune Response of Nursery Pigs

Source: A. Gaines, G. Allee, J. Carroll, J. Frank, D. Kendall, J Spencer, and G. Yiz A trial using 64 weanling pigs (TR4 x PIC C22) was conducted to determine the effects of menhaden fish oil supplementation and diet complexity on performance and immune response of nursery pigs. Pigs (17 d and 6.27±1.16 kg) were […]

Effect of Menhaden Fish Oil Supplementation and Lipopolysaccharide Exposure on Nursery Pigs II. Effects on the Immune Axis when Fed Simple or Complex Diets Containing No Spray-Dried Plasma

Source: A.M. Gaines, J.A. Carroll, G.F. Yi, G.L. Allee, and M.E. Zannelli A trial using 64 weanling pigs (TR4 × PIC C22) was conducted to determine the effects of menhaden fish oil supplementation and diet complexity on performance and immune response of nursery pigs. Pigs (17 days and 6.27 ± 1.16 kg) were weaned into […]

Effect of Menhaden Fish Oil Supplementation and Lipopolysaccharide Exposure on Nursery Pigs I: Effects on the Immune Axis When Diets Containing Spray-Dried Plasma

Source: J.A. Carroll, A.M. Gaines, J.D. Spencer, G.L. Allee, H.G. Kattesh, M.P. Roberts, and M.E. Zannelli The objective of the present study was to evaluate the potential immunological benefit of adding menhaden fish oil to the diet of weaned pigs. Twenty-four crossbred male pigs were weaned at approximately 18 days of age and placed on […]

Dietary Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Modulate Responses of Pigs to Mycoplasma Hyopneumoniae Infection

Source: JJ Turek, IA Schoenlein, BA Watkins, WG Van Alstine, LK Clark, and K Knox Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are immunomodulators, but few studies have examined how these dietary components influence infectious respiratory disease. Groups of nine pigs were fed casein and corn starch-based diets containing 10.5 g/100 g corn oil (CO), linseed oil (LO), […]

Dietary Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Effects on Immune Cells of the Porcine Lung

Source: JJTurek, IA Schoenlein, LK Clark, and WG Van Alstine The effects of various dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on the function of immune cells of the porcine lung was studied. Groups of six pigs were fed diets containing 10.5% corn oil [CO; enriched in linoleic acid (18:2, n-6)], linseed oil (LO; enriched in alpha-linolenic […]

Arachidonic Acid–and Docosahexaenoic Acid–Enriched Formulas Modulate Antigen-Specific T Cell Responses to Influenza Virus in Neonatal Piglets

Source: Josep Bassaganya-Riera, Amir J Guri, Alexis M Noble, Kathryn A Reynolds, Jennifer King, Cynthia M Wood, Michael Ashby, Deshanie Rai and Raquel Hontecillas Background: Whereas the immunomodulatory effects of feeding either arachidonic acid (AA) or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) separately have been previously investigated, little is known about the immunomodulatory efficacy of AA or DHA […]